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Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in which abnormal reactions of the immune system cause inflammation and ulcers on the inner lining of the large intestine, including the rectum and colon [5]. Symptoms may include abdominal pain, diarrhea with blood or pus, fatigue, weight loss, fever and anemia [1][2][3][4][6][7][8][9]. Treatment options vary depending on severity but can include medications such as anti-inflammatory drugs or immunosuppressants to reduce inflammation [10].


[1]: Ulcerative colitis - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic (https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ulcerative-colitis/symptoms-causes/syc-20353326)
[2]: What is Ulcerative Colitis? | Crohn's & Colitis Foundation (https://www.crohnscolitisfoundation.org/what-is-ulcerative-colitis)
[3]: Ulcerative Colitis: Symptoms, Treatment & Living With It & Diagnosis (https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/10351-ulcerative-colitis)
[4]: Ulcerative Colitis (UC): Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment (https://www.webmd.com/ibd-crohns-disease/ulcerative-colitis/what-is-ulcerative-colitis)
[5]: Ulcerative Colitis | NIDDK (https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/digestive-diseases/ulcerative-colitis)
[6]: Ulcerative Colitis | UC | MedlinePlus (https://medlineplus.gov/ulcerativecolitis.html)
[7]: Ulcerative colitis - Wikipedia (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ulcerative_colitis)
[8]: Ulcerative Colitis: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, and More (https://www.healthline.com/health/ulcerative-colitis)
[9]: Ulcerative colitis: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia (https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000250.htm)
[10]: What Is Ulcerative Colitis? | Understanding UC (https://www.crohnsandcolitis.com/ulcerative-colitis)

AI

Ulcerative colitis is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that affects the large intestine. It causes inflammation and ulcers in the inner lining of the colon and rectum, leading to abdominal pain, diarrhea, fatigue, weight loss, and other symptoms. Treatment typically involves medications such as anti-inflammatory drugs or immunosuppressants to reduce inflammation in the intestines. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove part of the colon if it becomes severely damaged by ulcerative colitis.