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Type 2 diabetes is a lifelong (chronic) disease in which there is a high level of sugar (glucose) in the blood [4]. It is an impairment in the way the body regulates and uses sugar as fuel [1]. Type 2 diabetes occurs when your body does not use insulin properly, or cells do not respond normally to insulin [2]. Symptoms may include increased thirst, frequent urination, fatigue, blurred vision and slow healing sores [3]. Risk factors for type 2 diabetes include being overweight or obese, having a family history of diabetes, physical inactivity and age over 45 years old [5]. Treatment includes lifestyle changes such as healthy eating habits and regular exercise as well as medications like metformin or insulin injections. Long-term complications can include heart disease, stroke, kidney damage and nerve damage.

[1]: Type 2 diabetes - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic (
[2]: Type 2 Diabetes | CDC (
[3]: Type 2 Diabetes: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment (
[4]: Type 2 diabetes: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia (
[5]: Type 2 Diabetes: What Is It, Causes, Symptoms, Risk Factors ... (


Type 2 diabetes is a chronic condition that affects the way the body processes blood sugar (glucose). It occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or when the body cannot effectively use the insulin it produces. This results in high levels of glucose in the blood, which can lead to serious health complications if left untreated. Symptoms of type 2 diabetes include increased thirst and hunger, frequent urination, fatigue, blurred vision, slow-healing sores or cuts, and tingling or numbness in hands and feet. Treatment typically involves lifestyle changes such as eating a healthy diet and exercising regularly as well as medications to help control blood sugar levels.