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Type 1 diabetes is a chronic condition in which the pancreas does not make insulin or makes very little insulin [1][2]. Insulin helps blood sugar enter the cells in order to give them energy [5]. It is caused by an infection or another trigger that causes the body to mistakenly attack the beta cells in the pancreas that make insulin [6][7]. Symptoms include increased thirst and urination, fatigue, weight loss and blurred vision [3], while treatments involve balancing medications and sticking to daily exercise routines as well as dietary changes [4]. There are also research efforts being made to find a cure for this disease through organizations such as JDRF (Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation) [8] and other medical institutions. Type 1 diabetes is also known as juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes[1] 
and can be managed with proper care and treatment[9].

[1]: Type 1 diabetes - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic (
[2]: What Is Type 1 Diabetes? | CDC (
[3]: Type 1 Diabetes - Symptoms, Causes, Treatment (
[4]: Type 1 Diabetes | CDC (
[5]: Type 1 Diabetes | Juvenile Diabetes | MedlinePlus (
[6]: Type 1 Diabetes: Causes, Symptoms, Treatments, Diagnosis, and ... (
[7]: Type 1 diabetes: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia (
[8]: JDRF - Diabetes - Type 1 Diabetes Research, Advocacy, and Support (
[9]: Type 1 diabetes (


Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disorder in which the body's immune system attacks and destroys the cells in the pancreas that produce insulin. Insulin is a hormone that helps regulate blood sugar levels. Without enough insulin, glucose builds up in the bloodstream instead of being used for energy, leading to high blood sugar levels (hyperglycemia). Type 1 diabetes usually develops during childhood or adolescence but can occur at any age. It cannot be prevented and there is no known cure. Treatment involves taking daily injections of insulin, eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly, and monitoring blood sugar levels closely.