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Schizophrenia is a serious mental disorder in which people interpret reality abnormally [1]. It is a chronic brain disorder that affects less than one percent of the U.S. population [4], and it can cause psychosis and considerable disability, affecting all areas of life including personal, family, work or school functioning [5]. Symptoms may include hallucinations (hearing voices, seeing things or smelling things others cannot perceive) [2], delusions (false beliefs) [3], lack of interest in things, feeling disconnected from emotions, difficulty concentrating and wanting to avoid people [7]. Studies have shown there are subtle differences in the structure of brains affected by schizophrenia compared to those without it[8]. Diagnosis is based on an assessment by a qualified mental health professional and treatment typically includes antipsychotic medication combined with psychosocial interventions such as cognitive behavioral therapy or family therapy[6].


[1]: Schizophrenia - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic (https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/schizophrenia/symptoms-causes/syc-20354443)
[2]: NIMH ยป Schizophrenia (https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/schizophrenia)
[3]: Schizophrenia - Wikipedia (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schizophrenia)
[4]: What is Schizophrenia? - Psychiatry.org (https://www.psychiatry.org/patients-families/schizophrenia/what-is-schizophrenia)
[5]: Schizophrenia (https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/schizophrenia)
[6]: Schizophrenia: Definition, Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment (https://www.webmd.com/schizophrenia/mental-health-schizophrenia)
[7]: What is schizophrenia? - Mind (https://www.mind.org.uk/information-support/types-of-mental-health-problems/schizophrenia/about-schizophrenia/)
[8]: Causes - Schizophrenia - NHS (https://www.nhs.uk/mental-health/conditions/schizophrenia/causes/)

AI

Schizophrenia is a mental disorder characterized by abnormal social behavior and failure to recognize what is real. Symptoms of schizophrenia include delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech and thinking, lack of motivation, and difficulty functioning in everyday life. Treatment for schizophrenia typically involves medication as well as psychotherapy.