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Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic disease affecting the central nervous system (the brain and spinal cord). It is an autoimmune disorder in which the immune system attacks myelin, the protective sheath that covers nerve cells [1][4][5]. Symptoms can range from mild to severe and may include fatigue, numbness or tingling, vision problems, muscle weakness or spasms, difficulty with coordination and balance, bladder issues, cognitive impairment [2][3][6][7], depression and more [8]. Treatment options vary depending on the type of MS but may include medications to reduce inflammation or slow progression of symptoms as well as physical therapy to help manage mobility issues [9].


[1]: Multiple sclerosis - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic (https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/multiple-sclerosis/symptoms-causes/syc-20350269)
[2]: Home | National Multiple Sclerosis Society (https://www.nationalmssociety.org/)
[3]: What is MS? | National Multiple Sclerosis Society (https://www.nationalmssociety.org/What-is-MS)
[4]: What is Multiple Sclerosis (MS)? | The Johns Hopkins Multiple ... (https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/neurology_neurosurgery/centers_clinics/multiple_sclerosis/conditions/)
[5]: Multiple Sclerosis | National Institute of Neurological Disorders and ... (https://www.ninds.nih.gov/health-information/disorders/multiple-sclerosis)
[6]: Multiple sclerosis - Wikipedia (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Multiple_sclerosis)
[7]: Multiple sclerosis (MS): Types, symptoms, and causes (https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/37556)
[8]: Multiple Sclerosis Foundation - Home (https://msfocus.org/)
[9]: Multiple Sclerosis (MS) | Johns Hopkins Medicine (https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/conditions-and-diseases/multiple-sclerosis-ms)

AI

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic, progressive neurological disorder that affects the central nervous system. It is caused by damage to the myelin sheath, which covers and protects nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord. Symptoms of MS can vary widely from person to person and may include fatigue, numbness or tingling in limbs, vision problems, muscle weakness or spasms, difficulty with balance or coordination, bladder issues, cognitive changes such as memory loss or trouble concentrating. Treatment for MS typically includes medications to reduce inflammation and slow disease progression as well as physical therapy to help manage symptoms.