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Metabolic Syndrome is a cluster of conditions that occur together, increasing the risk of heart disease, stroke and type 2 diabetes [1]. It is a group of risk factors specific for cardiovascular disease which includes high blood pressure, high blood sugar, unhealthy cholesterol levels and excess body fat around the waist [2][3][4][5][6]. Risk factors include obesity, physical inactivity, genetics and age [7], as well as insulin resistance which arises from metabolic abnormalities such as dyslipidemia or hypertension [8][9]. Metabolic syndrome can also be diagnosed if an individual has at least three out of five medical conditions: abdominal obesity, high blood pressure, high blood sugar, low HDL cholesterol levels and elevated triglycerides [10].

[1]: Metabolic syndrome - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic (
[2]: Metabolic Syndrome - What Is Metabolic Syndrome? | NHLBI, NIH (
[3]: What is Metabolic Syndrome? | American Heart Association (
[4]: Metabolic Syndrome | MedlinePlus (
[5]: Metabolic Syndrome: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment (
[6]: Metabolic Syndrome | Johns Hopkins Medicine (
[7]: Metabolic Syndrome: Risk Factors & Causes (
[8]: Metabolic Syndrome - StatPearls - NCBI Bookshelf (
[9]: Metabolic Syndrome: Practice Essentials, Background ... (
[10]: Metabolic syndrome - Wikipedia (


Metabolic syndrome is a group of risk factors that increase the risk for heart disease, stroke, and type 2 diabetes. These risk factors include high blood pressure, high triglycerides, low HDL cholesterol levels, abdominal obesity (excess fat around the waist), and elevated fasting glucose levels. People with metabolic syndrome are at an increased risk for developing cardiovascular diseases such as coronary artery disease or stroke. Treatment typically includes lifestyle changes such as diet modification and exercise to reduce weight and improve overall health. Medications may also be prescribed to help control blood pressure or cholesterol levels if needed.