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Liver cirrhosis is a condition in which the liver is scarred and permanently damaged due to chronic injury or long-term disease [1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9]. Scar tissue replaces healthy liver tissue and prevents it from functioning properly [9], leading to impaired liver function [5] and end-stage liver disease [5]. The histological development of regenerative nodules surrounded by fibrous bands is also associated with cirrhosis [4]. Symptoms may include fatigue and weakness; loss of appetite; nausea; abdominal pain; jaundice (yellowing of the skin); fluid buildup in the abdomen (ascites); spiderlike blood vessels on the skin; confusion or changes in mental ability (encephalopathy) caused by toxins building up in your bloodstream; easy bruising or bleeding because your body isn't making enough clotting factors. Treatment for cirrhosis includes lifestyle changes such as avoiding alcohol consumption and medications such as diuretics to reduce ascites. Liver transplantation may be necessary if other treatments are not effective.

[1]: Cirrhosis - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic (
[2]: Cirrhosis of the Liver: What is It, Symptoms, Causes & Stages (
[3]: Cirrhosis and Your Liver (
[4]: Liver Cirrhosis - PMC (
[5]: Cirrhosis - Wikipedia (
[6]: Liver cirrhosis (
[7]: Cirrhosis | NIDDK (
[8]: Liver cirrhosis (
[9]: Cirrhosis | Cirrhosis of the Liver | MedlinePlus (


Liver cirrhosis is a condition in which the liver becomes scarred and damaged due to long-term exposure to toxins such as alcohol, drugs, or viruses. This can lead to a variety of symptoms including jaundice (yellowing of the skin), fatigue, abdominal pain, weight loss, nausea and vomiting. In some cases it can also cause complications such as bleeding from enlarged veins in the esophagus or stomach (esophageal varices) and fluid buildup in the abdomen (ascites). Treatment for liver cirrhosis typically involves lifestyle changes such as abstaining from alcohol use and avoiding certain medications that may be damaging to the liver. Medications may also be prescribed to reduce inflammation or treat any underlying conditions that are contributing to cirrhosis. Liver transplantation may be necessary if other treatments fail.