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Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is a group of disorders that cause arthritis (stiff, swollen, painful joints) in children [5]. It is the most common type of chronic, or long-lasting, arthritis that affects children and one of the most common chronic diseases in kids and teens [2][4]. JIA broadly refers to several types of arthritis involving joint inflammation which first appears before the age of 16 [3][6]. Symptoms may include joint swelling and stiffness as well as fatigue and fever [1][7]. Treatment typically involves medications such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), disease modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs), biologic agents, corticosteroids, physical therapy and lifestyle changes [8].


[1]: Juvenile idiopathic arthritis - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic (https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis/symptoms-causes/syc-20374082)
[2]: Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) | Arthritis Foundation (https://www.arthritis.org/diseases/juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis)
[3]: Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) (https://www.niams.nih.gov/health-topics/juvenile-arthritis)
[4]: Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis: Practice Essentials, Background ... (https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1007276-overview)
[5]: Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (for Parents) - Nemours KidsHealth (https://kidshealth.org/en/parents/jra.html)
[6]: Juvenile idiopathic arthritis: MedlinePlus Genetics (https://medlineplus.gov/genetics/condition/juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis/)
[7]: Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis: Symptoms, Causes, Treatments (https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/10370-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis)
[8]: Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) | Symptoms, treatments (https://www.versusarthritis.org/about-arthritis/conditions/juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis/)

AI

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is a type of autoimmune disorder that affects children under the age of 16. It causes inflammation in one or more joints, which can lead to pain, stiffness and swelling. JIA is an unpredictable condition and its symptoms vary from person to person. Treatment typically involves medications such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), disease modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) and biologic agents, as well as physical therapy and lifestyle changes.