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Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common, long-term condition of the digestive system [8]. Symptoms can include stomach cramps, bloating, diarrhoea and/or constipation [2], abdominal discomfort associated with altered bowel movements [7], and changes in stool frequency or consistency [1]. It is a "disorder of gut-brain interaction" characterized by a group of symptoms that commonly include abdominal pain and or discomfort[9]. The cause of IBS is not clear but may be related to an imbalance in the bacteria in your gut, stress or diet[4][5][6]. Diagnosis typically involves meeting certain criteria such as belly pain and discomfort averaging at least one day a week in the last three months[3]


[1]: Irritable bowel syndrome - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic (https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/irritable-bowel-syndrome/symptoms-causes/syc-20360016)
[2]: Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) | NIDDK (https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/digestive-diseases/irritable-bowel-syndrome)
[3]: Irritable bowel syndrome - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clinic (https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/irritable-bowel-syndrome/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20360064)
[4]: Irritable Bowel Syndrome: IBS, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment (https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/4342-irritable-bowel-syndrome-ibs)
[5]: Irritable Bowel Syndrome | IBS | MedlinePlus (https://medlineplus.gov/irritablebowelsyndrome.html)
[6]: Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS): Symptoms, Causes, Treatment (https://www.healthline.com/health/irritable-bowel-syndrome)
[7]: Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) | Johns Hopkins Medicine (https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/conditions-and-diseases/irritable-bowel-syndrome-ibs)
[8]: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) | NHS inform (https://www.nhsinform.scot/illnesses-and-conditions/stomach-liver-and-gastrointestinal-tract/irritable-bowel-syndrome-ibs)
[9]: Irritable bowel syndrome - Wikipedia (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Irritable_bowel_syndrome)

AI

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common disorder that affects the large intestine. Symptoms may include abdominal pain, cramping, bloating, gas, diarrhea or constipation. IBS can be managed through diet and lifestyle changes such as avoiding certain foods that trigger symptoms and eating smaller meals more frequently throughout the day. Stress management techniques such as yoga or meditation may also help reduce symptoms of IBS.