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Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) is a broad term that describes conditions characterized by chronic inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract [4]. It includes two conditions, Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, which are caused by a dysregulated immune response to host intestinal microflora [5]. Symptoms can include abdominal pain, diarrhea, fatigue, weight loss and fever [1][2][3][6][7][8][9]. Treatment typically involves medications such as corticosteroids or immunomodulators to reduce inflammation and suppress the immune system [10].

[1]: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) - Symptoms and causes - Mayo ... (
[2]: What is inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)? | IBD (
[3]: Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Symptoms, Treatment & Diagnosis (
[4]: Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) | CDC (
[5]: Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Practice Essentials, Background ... (
[6]: Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) (for Parents) - Nemours KidsHealth (
[7]: Inflammatory bowel disease | Office on Women's Health (
[8]: Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) | Johns Hopkins Medicine (
[9]: Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Symptoms, Causes, and More (
[10]: IBD Symptoms and Treatment (


Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a group of chronic disorders that cause inflammation or ulceration in the small and large intestines. The two most common types of IBD are Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. Symptoms may include abdominal pain, diarrhea, fatigue, weight loss, and malnutrition. Treatment typically involves medications to reduce inflammation as well as lifestyle changes such as diet modification. In some cases surgery may be necessary to remove damaged portions of the intestine.