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Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic inflammatory skin condition that causes painful lumps that are often found in particular areas of the body [2]. It can look like other skin conditions such as worsening acne, boils, or herpes [3]. The exact cause of hidradenitis is unknown but it may be related to hormones, genetics and/or an overactive immune system [1][4][5][6][7]. Symptoms include painful lumps under the skin which can form abscesses and scarring on the skin [1][6][7], as well as itching and burning sensations in affected areas. Treatment options include antibiotics, anti-inflammatory medications, hormone therapy, surgery and lifestyle changes such as weight loss and smoking cessation [8][9][10].


[1]: Hidradenitis suppurativa - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic (https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hidradenitis-suppurativa/symptoms-causes/syc-20352306)
[2]: HS Foundation (https://www.hs-foundation.org/)
[3]: Hidradenitis suppurativa: Diagnosis and treatment (https://www.aad.org/public/diseases/a-z/hidradenitis-suppurativa-treatment)
[4]: Hidradenitis Suppurativa - StatPearls - NCBI Bookshelf (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK534867/)
[5]: Hidradenitis suppurativa: Overview (https://www.aad.org/public/diseases/a-z/hidradenitis-suppurativa-overview)
[6]: Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) - NHS (https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/hidradenitis-suppurativa/)
[7]: Hidradenitis Suppurativa | Acne Inversa | MedlinePlus (https://medlineplus.gov/hidradenitissuppurativa.html)
[8]: Hidradenitis Suppurativa: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Stages ... (https://www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/hidradenitis-suppurativa)
[9]: Hidradenitis Suppurativa (Acne Inversa): A Complete Picture ... (https://dermnetnz.org/topics/hidradenitis-suppurativa)
[10]: Hidradenitis Suppurativa (Acne Inversa): Symptoms & Treatments (https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/17716-hidradenitis-suppurativa)

AI

Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic skin condition that causes painful, inflamed bumps to form in areas where the skin rubs together. These bumps can become infected and filled with pus. HS usually affects the armpits, groin, and buttocks but can also occur on other parts of the body such as the breasts or inner thighs. Symptoms include redness, swelling, pain, itching, and foul-smelling discharge from affected areas. Treatment options for HS include antibiotics to treat infections caused by bacteria; topical medications to reduce inflammation; surgery to remove scar tissue or cysts; and lifestyle changes such as weight loss and stress reduction.