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Graves' disease is an autoimmune disorder that can cause hyperthyroidism, or overactive thyroid [2]. It is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism [3] and affects more women than men [6]. It involves the immune system attacking healthy tissue in the thyroid gland, which leads to it producing too much thyroid hormone (hyperthyroidism) [1][ 4]. Symptoms may include weight loss, anxiety, fatigue and bulging eyes (exophthalmos) [5]. Treatment options include medications such as antithyroid drugs and radioactive iodine therapy. Surgery may also be used to remove part or all of the thyroid gland if necessary [4].


[1]: Graves' disease - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic (https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/graves-disease/symptoms-causes/syc-20356240)
[2]: Graves' Disease | NIDDK (https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/endocrine-diseases/graves-disease)
[3]: Graves disease: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia (https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000358.htm)
[4]: Graves' Disease Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatments (https://www.endocrineweb.com/conditions/graves-disease)
[5]: Graves' Disease - What is Graves' Disease and What Causes It? (https://www.webmd.com/women/understanding-graves-disease-basics)
[6]: Graves' disease | Office on Women's Health (https://www.womenshealth.gov/a-z-topics/graves-disease)

AI

Graves' disease is an autoimmune disorder that affects the thyroid gland. It causes the body to produce too much of the hormone thyroxine, which can lead to a number of symptoms including weight loss, fatigue, increased heart rate, and bulging eyes. Treatment typically involves medications or surgery to remove part or all of the thyroid gland.