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Gout is a common and complex form of arthritis that can affect anyone [1]. It is a type of inflammatory arthritis that causes pain and swelling in the joints, usually affecting one joint at a time (often the big toe joint) [2]. Gout is caused by excess uric acid (a normal waste product) collecting in the body, forming needle-like urate crystals which deposit in the joints [6]. Symptoms include sudden, severe attacks of pain, swelling, redness and warmth around affected joints [1], as well as stiffness and tenderness when touched. Treatment typically involves medications to reduce inflammation or prevent further attacks. Diet recommendations may also be given to help manage gout symptoms [3][4][5][7].

[1]: Gout - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic (
[2]: Gout | Arthritis | CDC (
[3]: Gout Symptoms, Causes & Diet Recommendations | NIAMS (
[4]: Gout: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment & Prevention (
[5]: Gout: Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment | Arthritis Foundation (
[6]: Diseases and Conditions Gout (
[7]: Gout symptoms & treatments - Illnesses & conditions | NHS inform (


Gout is a form of arthritis that causes sudden, severe pain and swelling in the joints. It is caused by an accumulation of uric acid crystals in the joint, which can be triggered by certain foods or drinks such as alcohol, seafood, organ meats, and sugary beverages. Treatment for gout includes medications to reduce inflammation and pain as well as lifestyle changes such as avoiding trigger foods and maintaining a healthy weight.