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Eczema is a term for several different types of skin swelling [5]. It is also known as atopic dermatitis or atopic eczema [4] and causes itchy, dry, and painful skin [1], rashes [2], scaly patches [2], blisters[2] and skin infections[2]. It weakens the skin's barrier function which can lead to inflammation or irritation of the skin[3]. Treatment options include home remedies such as moisturizing regularly, avoiding irritants, using mild soaps and detergents, taking lukewarm baths with oatmeal or baking soda added to the water. Medical treatments may include topical corticosteroids, antihistamines, phototherapy (light therapy), immunosuppressant drugs and biologic drugs. The National Eczema Society provides support for those living with eczema through research initiatives and resources on their website.[6] There are seven main types of eczema: Atopic Dermatitis (AD), Contact Dermatitis (CD), Dyshidrotic Eczema (DE), Hand Eczema (HE), Neurodermatitis/Lichen Simplex Chronicus(LSC) Nummular Eczemas(NE)and Stasis Dermatitis(SD).[7]

[1]: Atopic dermatitis (eczema) - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic (
[2]: Eczema (atopic dermatitis): Causes, symptoms, and treatment (
[3]: Eczema: What It Is, Symptoms, Causes, Types & Treatment (
[4]: Eczema: Types, Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment (
[5]: Eczema | Dermatitis | Atopic Dermatitis | MedlinePlus (
[6]: National Eczema Society (
[7]: 7 Types of Eczema: Symptoms, Causes, and Pictures (


Eczema is a skin condition that causes red, itchy, and inflamed patches of skin. It can be caused by allergies, irritants, genetics, or other factors. Treatment for eczema includes avoiding triggers such as certain fabrics or soaps; using moisturizers to keep the skin hydrated; taking anti-inflammatory medications; and using topical steroids to reduce inflammation.