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Constipation is a condition in which a person has uncomfortable or infrequent bowel movements [2]. It usually occurs when stools remain in the colon (large intestine) for too long, and the colon absorbs too much water from the stools, causing them to become hard and dry [3]. Symptoms of constipation include fewer than three bowel movements per week; stools that are hard, dry, or lumpy; and stools that are difficult or painful to pass [4]. Other symptoms may include feeling like you haven't completely emptied your bowels after going to the bathroom, bloating, nausea, abdominal pain or cramping. Chronic constipation is defined as infrequent bowel movements or difficulty passing stool that persists for several weeks or longer [1]. Treatment options for constipation depend on its cause and severity. Lifestyle changes such as increasing fiber intake and drinking more fluids can help relieve mild cases of constipation. More severe cases may require medications such as laxatives or enemas [5][6][7].


[1]: Constipation - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic (https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/constipation/symptoms-causes/syc-20354253)
[2]: Constipation | Johns Hopkins Medicine (https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/conditions-and-diseases/constipation)
[3]: Constipation - Illnesses & conditions | NHS inform (https://www.nhsinform.scot/illnesses-and-conditions/stomach-liver-and-gastrointestinal-tract/constipation)
[4]: Symptoms & Causes of Constipation | NIDDK (https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/digestive-diseases/constipation/symptoms-causes)
[5]: Constipation | MedlinePlus (https://medlineplus.gov/constipation.html)
[6]: Constipation: Symptoms, Causes, Relief, and More (https://www.healthline.com/health/constipation)
[7]: Constipation: Causes, symptoms, treatments, and more (https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/150322)

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Constipation is a condition in which a person has difficulty passing stools or experiences infrequent bowel movements. It can be caused by various factors, including diet, lifestyle habits, medications, and medical conditions. Treatment for constipation typically involves dietary changes such as increasing fiber intake and drinking more fluids. Other treatments may include laxatives or enemas to help stimulate the bowels.