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Chronic Urticaria (Hives) is a skin reaction that causes itchy welts and can last for more than six weeks [1][ 4]. It affects 15-20% of the population [4] and common triggers include allergens, food pseudoallergens, alcoholic drinks, tight clothing, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS), exercise and cold temperatures [2][ 7]. Treatment options include primary prevention in the form of avoidance of aggravating factors; counseling; antihistamines; leukotriene receptor antagonists; immunosuppressants such as cyclosporine or omalizumab; phototherapy with UVA or UVB light therapy [5]; and 10 lifestyle changes to help relieve symptoms such as avoiding stress and alcohol consumption [3].

[1]: Chronic hives - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic (
[2]: Urticaria (hives) | NHS inform (
[3]: 10 ways to get relief from chronic hives (


Chronic urticaria, also known as hives, is a skin condition characterized by raised red welts on the skin that can be itchy and painful. It is caused by an allergic reaction to certain triggers such as food, medications, or environmental allergens. Treatment for chronic urticaria includes antihistamines and other medications to reduce inflammation and itching. In some cases, lifestyle changes may help reduce symptoms of chronic urticaria.