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Cerebral palsy (CP) is a group of disorders that affect a person's ability to move and maintain balance and posture [1]. It is caused by damage that occurs to the immature, developing brain either before, during or soon after birth [7]. Signs and symptoms vary among people but can include poor muscle control, stiff muscles, weak muscles, tremors or involuntary movements [2], difficulty with coordination and balance when walking [8], problems with fine motor skills such as writing or using scissors [3] as well as speech difficulties. CP affects the cerebral motor cortex which controls movement in different parts of the body[4]. The Cerebral Palsy Foundation is dedicated to transforming lives for people with cerebral palsy today through research, innovation, and collaboration[5] while 34 000 people are living with CP in Australia[6].

[1]: What is Cerebral Palsy? | CDC (
[2]: Cerebral palsy - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic (
[3]: Cerebral palsy - Wikipedia (
[4]: Cerebral Palsy | CP | MedlinePlus (
[5]: Cerebral Palsy Foundation: CPF (
[6]: What is cerebral palsy? - Cerebral Palsy Alliance (
[7]: Cerebral palsy – Causes - NHS (
[8]: Cerebral Palsy (CP) (for Parents) - Nemours KidsHealth (


Cerebral palsy is a neurological disorder that affects movement, posture, and coordination. It is caused by damage to the brain before or during birth. Symptoms of cerebral palsy can include muscle stiffness, difficulty with balance and coordination, involuntary movements, and problems with speech or swallowing. Treatment for cerebral palsy may involve physical therapy, medications to reduce spasticity or seizures, surgery to correct deformities in the bones or muscles, assistive devices such as braces or wheelchairs, and other therapies such as occupational therapy.