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Celiac disease is an immune reaction to eating gluten, a protein found in wheat, barley and rye [1]. It is an autoimmune disorder that's triggered when you eat gluten [5], which causes damage to the small intestine [2][ 5][ 6]. Symptoms of celiac disease include bloating, chronic diarrhea, constipation, gas and lactose intolerance due to damage to the small intestine [6]. The Celiac Disease Foundation works towards accelerating diagnosis and treatments for celiac disease as well as non-celiac gluten sensitivity through research and education initiatives [3]. Treatment for celiac disease includes following a strict gluten-free diet. Other treatments may include medications or supplements depending on individual needs. Risk factors for developing celiac disease include having certain genes associated with the condition or having another autoimmune disorder such as type 1 diabetes or thyroiditis[4]


[1]: Celiac disease - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic (https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/celiac-disease/symptoms-causes/syc-20352220)
[2]: What is Celiac Disease? | Celiac Disease Foundation (https://celiac.org/about-celiac-disease/what-is-celiac-disease/)
[3]: Celiac Disease Foundation (https://celiac.org/)
[4]: Celiac Disease | Johns Hopkins Medicine (https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/conditions-and-diseases/celiac-disease)
[5]: Celiac Disease: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment, Risk ... (https://www.webmd.com/digestive-disorders/celiac-disease/celiac-disease)
[6]: Symptoms & Causes of Celiac Disease | NIDDK (https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/digestive-diseases/celiac-disease/symptoms-causes)

AI

Celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder that affects the digestive system. It occurs when a person consumes gluten, which is found in wheat, barley and rye. When someone with celiac disease eats foods containing gluten, their immune system responds by damaging the lining of the small intestine. This damage prevents nutrients from being absorbed properly into the body and can lead to malnutrition and other health problems. Symptoms of celiac disease include abdominal pain, bloating, diarrhea or constipation, fatigue and weight loss. Treatment involves following a strict gluten-free diet for life to avoid further damage to the intestines.