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Bipolar disorder, formerly called manic depression, is a mental health condition that causes extreme mood swings that include emotional highs (mania) and lows (depression) [1]. People with bipolar disorder experience high and low episodes which can last for days or weeks at a time [2][3][4][5][6][7]. Symptoms of mania may include increased energy, racing thoughts, decreased need for sleep, irritability and impulsivity [4][5][6][7][8], while symptoms of depression may include feelings of sadness or emptiness, loss of interest in activities once enjoyed, difficulty concentrating and changes in appetite or weight [5][6][7][8][9][10].


[1]: Bipolar disorder - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic (https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/bipolar-disorder/symptoms-causes/syc-20355955)
[2]: NIMH ยป Bipolar Disorder (https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/bipolar-disorder)
[3]: What Are Bipolar Disorders? - Psychiatry.org (https://www.psychiatry.org/patients-families/bipolar-disorders/what-are-bipolar-disorders)
[4]: Bipolar Disorder: MedlinePlus (https://medlineplus.gov/bipolardisorder.html)
[5]: Bipolar disorder - Wikipedia (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bipolar_disorder)
[6]: What's Bipolar Disorder? How Do I Know If I Have It? (https://www.healthline.com/health/bipolar-disorder)
[7]: Bipolar disorder | NAMI: National Alliance on Mental Illness (https://www.nami.org/About-Mental-Illness/Mental-Health-Conditions/Bipolar-Disorder)
[8]: Bipolar Disorder (Manic Depression): Symptoms & Treatment (https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/9294-bipolar-disorder)
[9]: What is bipolar disorder? - Mind (https://www.mind.org.uk/information-support/types-of-mental-health-problems/bipolar-disorder/about-bipolar-disorder/)
[10]: Symptoms - Bipolar disorder - NHS (https://www.nhs.uk/mental-health/conditions/bipolar-disorder/symptoms/)

AI

Bipolar disorder is a mental health condition characterized by extreme shifts in mood, energy, and activity levels. It is also known as manic-depressive illness or manic depression. People with bipolar disorder experience periods of intense emotional highs (mania) and lows (depression). Symptoms can range from mild to severe and may include changes in sleep patterns, difficulty concentrating, irritability, racing thoughts, reckless behavior, increased talkativeness or impulsivity. Treatment typically involves medication and psychotherapy to help manage symptoms.